Since its inception, democracy has always been difficult to administer and some people have capitalized on the loopholes it has to bring about conflict. However, this doesn’t mean that democracy is a source of conflicts since it has its own pros. Conflicts can be brought by numerous needs connected one another and issues addressed for some long period of time. In Syria the situations have increased conflicts in between tribes, wars with government and the population at large.
When narrowing conflicts to democracies there is variety of factors that lead to disagreements. The most dominant sources of conflict, however, are political, military, and economic causes. Politics causes conflict when people think that the government is denying them their human rights through unequal distribution of resources. It can also occur when people accuse the government of using natural resources in a way that favors some people more than others.
Conflicts driven by two groups, say ethnic, can be escalated to a national level. This perpetual spread is brought about by ethnic affiliations, tribal affiliations, and those who feel they are also suffering the same fate as the oppressed tribe. This often happens in places where there are two or more major tribes, and each feel that they deserve more than the other. Conflicts arise whenever there is an indication than one group is getting more than the other.
Economically, the people may feel that the government distributes natural resources unequally. This leads to lead to the formation of rebel groups and other factors that cause conflicts. When these conflicts occur in particular areas, people will pull out of these places as it is the cases with the Syrian oil fields. The economy proceeds to suffer even more when international companies pull out of the country and can no longer help in the exploration of natural resources. The government, on the other hand, will shy away since its involvement will just lead to further conflicts and division.
With divisions in the military the country is left with an army that is dysfunctional. The army becomes an instrument for committing crimes against civilians and preventing the people from voicing their opinions against poor governance as well as corruption, among other factors. A divided army will also engage in other activities such as extortion, human rights violations, and theft, among others, which aren’t addressed often.
Greed amongst the political class has brought about conflicts in democratic countries. Taxpayers are often hurt when the government embezzles funds meant for development projects and this leads to conflicts. The major cause of conflict in these situations is the existence or pro-government and anti-government groups which often clash leading to a nationwide war.